COMMON PLANTS AND FLOWERS IN UAE AND KUWAIT
1. DATE PALM
The date palm plays an important role in the culture of the desert Arabs. It is reported that there are a hundred different recipes based on dates. Besides the fruit, many other parts of the tree are used: leaves for thatching and making walls and boats, trunks for roof beams and bark for making rope. The date palm is unable to survive in the wild without a continuous supply of water, and so must have been introduced by man at some point in the distant past.
The mangrove occurs in many coastal areas of the country, with the largest and oldest trees growing on the east coast. Mangroves have a special root system with ‘breathing roots’, the so-called pneumatophores that stick up out of the mud. They can also excrete excess salt through their leaves, enabling them to live in very saline conditions. Mangrove forests are important for both bird and marine life. Their roots give protection to young marine life, which in turn is a rich source of food for the birds that nest and breed in the trees or visit on migration.
The magnolia family is one of the oldest trees in existence. Because magnolias are so old, their flowers do
not have true petals and sepals; instead, they have petal-like tepals. Also, the flowers do not produce real
nectar, but attract pollinating beetles with fragrant and sugary secretions. No matter where you live, I
imagine that you have seen or experienced the majesty of the Southern magnolia. Its stately form, glossy
leaves, and elegant flowers make it a favorite, and the grand appearance creates a statement in just about
any setting. This could explain the reason why Magnolia grandiflora (Southern magnolia), native to the
southeastern United States, commonly graces cities all around the world. Because it was such a beautiful
tree, Magnolia grandiflora was taken to Europe in the early 1700s. It became an instant hit. With its easy
adaptability to many soil types and climates, it quickly spread to other countries. Today, our Southern
magnolia is one of the most widely planted ornamental evergreen trees in the world!
Of the half-dozen acacia species that are found in the UAE, the umbrella-shaped salam tree is the most
common, occurring on gravel as well as on sandy plains. Its flowers are pale yellow and all parts of the
tree are browsed by camels, in spite of the vicious thorns. Sometimes you can see ‘double-storey’ acacias
– this happens when browsing camels cannot reach the central branches of the tree, which then get a
chance to form shoots and grow a second bush on top of the lower one that is being continuously cropped.
5. GHAF TREE
Ghaf tree is very popular in UAE in the city and in the desert areas. It is native to arid portions of Western
Asia and the Indian Subcontinent, including Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iran, India, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi
Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
6. COASTAL WATERHYSSOP
Bacopa monnieri is a perennial, creeping herb native to the wetlands of southern and Eastern India,
Australia, Europe, Africa, Asia, and North and South America. B. monnieri is an herb used in Ayurveda,
where it is also known as “Brahmi”, after Brahmā, the creator God of the Hindu pantheon.
7. ARUNDO DONAX PLANT
The plant has a wide range of applications and is often cultivated for use in basket making and to control
soil erosion. The plant is often also cultivated in warm temperate to tropical areas as an ornamental.
Widely grown as an ornamental, the plant can easily escape from cultivation and become naturalized. T
has been declared ‘Invasive’ in many countries. Once established, it can form huge colonies, sometimes
covering hundreds of acres. The plant is adapted to tropical, subtropical and warm temperate climates of
the World. It is found in climates ranging from cool temperate wet, through tropical dry, to wet forest.
Gerbera L. is a genus of plants in the Asteraceae. It was named in honour of German botanist and medical
doctor Traugott Gerber | who travelled extensively in Russia and was a friend of Carl Linnaeus. Gerbera is
native to tropical regions of South America, Africa and Asia. Gerbera is very popular and widely used as a
decorative garden plant or as cut flowers. Thousands of cultivars exist. They vary greatly in shape and size.
Colours include white, yellow, orange, red, and pink.
9. OLIVE TREE
Olive tree in UAE is used as an ornamental tree. The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea,
meaning “European olive”, is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in the Mediterranean
Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well
as the Canary Islands and Réunion.
10. ROSEMARY TREE
Rosemary is used in UAE as a decorative plant, usually has small dimension and grow indoor. Rosmarinus
officinalis, commonly known as rosemary, is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needlelike
leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region. It is a member of
the mint family Lamiaceae, which includes many other herbs.